Quo vadis forest reproductive material production?
(Forest reproductive materials production after the 2nd world war)
Norbert Frank & Béla Lett
Correspondence: Frank Norbert
Postal address: 9400 Sopron, Bajcsy-Zs. E. u. 4.,
After World War II, the forest reproductive material sector was radically reorganized based on central policy instructions, especially in the management and ownership structure. Privately owned forest nurseries have been replaced by small local nurseries of state forest companies, which have produced the necessary reproductive materials next to reforestation and afforestation projects. The Central Instruction for Seedling Production, issued in 1955, already set the goals of rapidly improving quality seedling production, for which purpose the seedling production was concentrated. During the period of 1949–1979, the number of registered forest nurseries decreased from 1,126 to 566. The aim of our study is to analyze the process and trend of seedling production and use over this period and to analyze the data and changes of certain tree species and groups of tree species. Overall, the number of nurseries was significantly decreased during the period under review, the volume of seedlings produced and proportion of tree species were also changed, unevenly over time. In the centrally planned economy period we examined, the difference in the amount of seedlings produced and used per year averaged 66.89 million; the production surplus reached its lowest level in 1975 (21.1 million). The average gross nursery area of the studied period was 3,396 hectares but the average area from 5.55-2.26 hectares in 1954-1959 increased to 5.45 hectares by the end of the period (1979), thus it exceeded the average area typical for the period (3.5 hectares) by 1.95 hectares.
Keywords: forest reproductive material, forest nursery, rate of seedlingproduction and use
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Cite this article as:
Frank, N. & Lett, B. (2020): Quo vadis forest reproductive material production?
(Forest reproductive materials production after the 2nd world war). Bulletin of Forestry Science, 10(1): 55-66. (in Hungarian) DOI: 10.17164/EK.2020.005
Volume 10, Issue 1
24 August 2020
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