Bulletin of Forestry Science / Volume 11 / Issue 1 / Pages 0-0
previous article |

Comparative drought sensitivity analysis of young sessile oak and turkey oak trees in Somogy county (Hungary)

Márton Tamás Németh, Orsolya Szabó & Norbert Móricz


Correspondence: Németh Tamás Márton

Postal address: H-9400 Sopron, Paprét 17.

e-mail: nemeth.tamas.marton[at]uni-sopron.hu


This paper analyses the drought induced growth responses of oak trees, sessile oak (Quercus petraea) and Turkey oak (Q. cerris), along a precipitation gradient in Somogy County. 136 tree-ring samples were analysed and dendroecological metrics were also applied to assess the drought sensitivity of the species. Water deficit was estimated by using the soil water budget based water stress index. Results indicated a strong dependency of annual tree ring width on the water availability of current year summer but found different strategies of the two tree species against drought conditions. Turkey oak responded more sensitively to droughts than sessile oak revealed by the significantly lower resistance and higher recovery potential of this species. A linearly proportional increase of growth reduction with rising water stress was found for Turkey oak while the growth response of sessile oak decreased considerably with increasing aridity indicating lower growth plasticity of sessile oak to droughts there. Based on our findings it seems that Turkey oak copes better with droughts than sessile oak and may gain competitive advantages under the projected climate change.

Keywords: sessile oak, Turkey oak, dendrochronology, drought

  • Árvai M., Morgós A. & Kern Z. 2018: Growth-climate relations and the enhancement of drought signals in Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) tree-ring chronology in Eastern Hungary. IForest 11(2): 267–274. DOI: 10.3832/ifor2348-011
  • Bunn A. G. 2008: A dendrochronology program library in R (dplR). Dendrochronologia 26(2): 115–124. DOI: 10.1016/j.dendro.2008.01.002
  • Busotti F. & Pollastrini M. 2017: Traditional and novel indicators of climate change impacts on European forest trees. Forests 8(4): 137. DOI: 10.3390/f8040137
  • Candel-Pérez D., Linares J.C., Vinegla B. & Lucas-Borja M.E. 2012: Assessing climate-growth relationships under contrasting stands of co-occurring Iberian pines along an altitudinal gradient. Forest Ecology and Management 274: 48–57. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2012.02.010
  • Cavin L. & Jump A.S. 2017: Highest drought sensitivity and lowest resistance to growth suppression are found in the range core of the tree Fagus sylvatica L. not the equatorial range edge. Global Change Biology 23(1): 362–379. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13366
  • Ciceu A., Popa I., Leca S., Pitar D., Chivulescu S. & Badea O. 2020: Climate change effects on tree growth from Romanian forest monitoring Level II plots. Science of the Total Environment 698: 134129. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134129
  • Clark J.S., Iverson L., Woodall C.W., Allen C.D., Bell D. M., Bragg D. C., D’Amato A.W., Davis F.W., Hersh M.H., Ibañez I., Jackson S.T., Matthews S., Pederson N., Peters M., Schwartz M.W., Waring K.M. & Zimmermann N.E. 2016: The impacts of increasing drought on forest dynamics, structure, and biodiversity in the United States. Global Change Biology 22(7): 2329–2352. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13160
  • Cook R.D. & Weisberg S. 1982: Residuals and influence in regression. Chapman and Hall New York, 17–86.
  • Cufar K., Grabner M., Morgós A., del Castillo E.M., Merela M. & de Luis M. 2014: Common climatic signals affecting oak tree-ring growth in SE Central Europe. Trees 28(5): 1267–1277. DOI: 10.1007/s00468-013-0972-z
  • Csóka Gy. & Hirka A. 2009: A gyapjaslepke (Lymantria dispar L.) legutóbbi tömegszaporodása Magyarországon. Növényvédelem 45(4): 196–201.
  • Führer E., Horváth L., Jagodics A., Machon A. & Szabados I. 2011: Application of a new aridity index in Hungarian forestry practice. Időjárás 115(3): 103–118.
  • Gazol A., Camarero J. J., Anderegg W.R.L. & Vicente‐Serrano S.M. 2017: Impacts of droughts on the growth resilience of Northern Hemisphere forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography 26(2): 166–176. DOI: 10.1111/geb.12526
  • Granier A., Bréda N., Biron P. & Villette S. 1999: A lumped water balance model to evaluate duration and intensity of drought constraints in forest stands. Ecological Modelling 116(2-3): 269–283. DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3800(98)00205-1
  • Gulyás K., Móricz N., Rasztovits E., Horváth A., Balázs P. & Berki I. 2019: Accelerated height growth versus mortality of Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. in Hungary. South-east European forestry 10(1), 1–7. DOI: 10.15177/seefor.19-01
  • Härdtle W., Niemeyer T., Assmann T., Aulinger A., Fichtner A., Lang A., Leuschner C., Neuwirth B., Pfister L., Quante M., Ries C., Schuldt A. & von Oheimb G. 2013: Climatic responses of tree-ring width and δ13C signatures of sessile oak (Quercus petraea Liebl.) on soils with contrasting water supply. Plant Ecology 214(9): 1147–156. DOI: 10.1007/s11258-013-0239-1
  • Hirka A. 2006: Várható erdőkárok 2006-ban. Erdészeti Lapok 141(4): 117–119. full text
  • Hoffmann N., Schall P., Ammer C., Lede, B. & Vor T. 2018: Drought sensitivity and stem growth variation of nine alien and native tree species on a productive forest site in Germany. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 256-257: 431–444. DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.03.008
  • Holmes R.L. 1983: Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement. Tree-Ring Bulletin 43: 69–78.
  • IPCC 2018: Global warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty. In Press
  • Linares J.C. & Tiscar P.A. 2010: Climate change impacts and vulnerability of the southern populations of Pinus nigra subsp. salzmannii. Tree Physiology 30(7): 795–806. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/tpq052
  • Lloret F., Keeling E.G. & Sala A. 2011: Components of tree resilience: Effects of successive low-growth episodes in old ponderosa pine forests. Oikos 120(12): 1909–1920. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.19372.x
  • Martínez-Vilalta J., Poyatos R., Aguadé D., Retana J. & Mencuccini M. 2014: A new look at water transport regulation in plants. New Phytologist 204(1): 105–115. DOI: 10.1111/nph.12912
  • Mátyás Cs., Berki I., Bidló A., Csóka Gy., Czimber K., Führer E., Gálos B., Gribovszki Z., Illés G., Hirka A. & Somogyi Z. 2018: Sustainability of forest cover under climate change on the temperate-continental xeric limits. Forests 9: 489. DOI: 10.3390/f9080489
  • McCarthy M.C. & Enquist B.J. 2007: Consistency between an allometric approach and optimal partitioning theory in global patterns of plant biomass allocation. Functional Ecology 21(4): 713–720. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2007.01276.x
  • Mészáros I., Kanalas P., Fenyvesi A., Kis J., Nyitrai B., Szőllősi E., Oláh V., Demeter Z., Lakatos Á. & Ander I. 2011: Diurnal and seasonal changes in stem radius increment and sap flow density indicate different responses of two co-existing oak species to drought stress. Acta Silvatica et Lignaria Hungarica 7: 97–108. full text
  • Mészáros I., Veres S., Szőllősi E. Koncz P. Kanalas, P. & Oláh V. 2008: Responses of some ecophysiological traits of Sessile oak (Quercus petraea) to drought stress and heat wave in growing season of 2003. Acta Biologica Szegediensis 52(1): 107–109.
  • Michelot A., Simard S., Rathgeber C., Dufrêne E. & Damesin C. 2012: Comparing the intra-annual wood formation of three European species (Fagus sylvatica, Quercus petraea and Pinus sylvestris) as related to leaf phenology and non-structural carbohydrate dynamics. Tree Physiology 32(8): 1033–1045. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/tps052
  • Mirfenderesgi G., Matheny A.M. & Bohrer G. 2019: Hydrodynamic trait coordination and cost-benefit trade-offs throughout the isohydric-anisohydric continuum in trees. Ecohydrology 12(1): e2041. DOI: 10.1002/eco.2041
  • Misi D. & Náfrádi K. 2017: Growth response of Scots pine to changing climatic conditions of the last 100 years: a case study from Western Hungary. Trees 31(3): 919–928. DOI: 10.1007/s00468-016-1517-z
  • Moreno A. & Hasenauer H. 2015: Spatial downscaling of European climate data. International Journal of Climatology 36(3): 1444–1458. DOI: 10.1002/joc.4436
  • Móricz N., Garamszegi B., Rasztovits E., Bidló A., Horváth A., Jagicza A., Illés G., Vekerdy Z., Somogyi Z. & Gálos B. 2018: Recent drought-induced vitality decline of Black Pine (Pinus nigra Arn.) in South-West Hungary – Is this drought-resistant species under threat by climate change? Forests 9: 414. DOI: 10.3390/f9070414
  • Nardini A., Lo Gullo M.A. & Saelleo S. 1999: Competitive strategies for water availability in two Mediterranean Quercus species. Plant, Cell & Environment 22(1): 109–116. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3040.1999.00382.x
  • Peltier D.M.P., Fell M. & Ogle K. 2016: Legacy effects of drought in the southwestern United States: A multi-species synthesis. Ecological Monographs 86(3): 312–326. DOI: 10.1002/ecm.1219
  • Pretz s c h H., Schütze G. & Uhl E. 2012a: Resistance of European tree species to drought stress in mixed versus pure forests: evidence of stress release by inter‐specific facilitation. Plant Biology 15(3): 483–495. DOI: 10.1111/j.1438-8677.2012.00670.x
  • Pretzsch H., Uhl E., Biber P., Schutze G. & Coates D. 2012b: Change of allometry between coarse root and shoot of Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl. ex. Loud.) along a stress gradient in the sub-boreal forest zone of British Columbia. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 27(6): 532–544. DOI: 10.1080/02827581.2012.672583
  • Rasztovits E., Berk, I., Mátyás Cs., Czimber K., Pötzelsberger E. & Móricz N. 2014: The incorporation of extreme drought events improves models for beech persistence at its distribution limit. Annals of Forest Science 71: 201–210. DOI: 10.1007/s13595-013-0346-0
  • Regent Instruments 2014: WinDENDRO for Tree-ring Analysis. Québec, Canada Inc.
  • Rybníček M., Čermák P., Prokop O., Žid T., Trnka M. & Kolář T. 2016: Oak (Quercus spp.) response to climate differs more among sites than among species in central Czech Republic. Dendrobiology 75: 55–65. DOI: 10.12657/denbio.075.006
  • Scharnweber T., Manthey M., Criegee C., Bauwe A., Schröder C. & Wilmking M. 2011: Drought matters – Declining precipitation influences growth of Fagus sylvatica L. and Quercus robur L. in north-eastern Germany. Forest Ecology and Management 262(6): 947–961. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2011.05.026
  • Schuldt B., Buras A., Arend M., Vitasse Y., Beierkuhnlein C., Damm A., Gharun M., Grams T.E.E., Hauck M., Hajek P., Hartmann H., Hiltbrunner E., Hoch G., Holloway-Phillips M., Körner C., Larysch E., Lübbe T., Nelson D.B., Rammig A., Rigling A., Rose L., Ruehr N.K., Schumann K., Weiser F., Werner C., Wohlgemuth T., Zang C.S. & Kahmen A. 2020: A first assessment of the impact of the extreme 2018 summer drought on Central European forests. Basic and Applied Ecology 45: 86–103. DOI: 10.1016/j.baae.2020.04.003
  • Schwarz J., Skiadaresis G., Kohler M., Kunz J., Schnabel F., Vitali V. & Bauhus J. 2020: Quantifying growth responses of trees to drought – a critique of commonly used resilience indices and recommendations for future studies. Current Forestry Reports 6(3): 185–200. DOI: 10.1007/s40725-020-00119-2
  • Somogyi Z., Koltay A., Molnár T. & Móricz N. 2018: Forest health monitoring system in Hungary based on MODIS products. In Molnár V.É. (ed): IX. Theory meets practice in GIS, Debrecen 325–330. ISBN 978 963-318-723-4
  • Spinoni J., Naumann G., Vogt J. & Barbosa P. 2015: European drought climatologies and trends based on a multi-indicator approach. Global Planetary Change 127: 50–57. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2015.01.012
  • Szalai S., Auer I., Hiebl J., Milkovich J., Radim T. Stepanek P., Zahradnicek P., Bihari Z., Lakatos M., Szentimrey T., Limanowka D., Kilar P., Cheval S., Deak Gy., Mihic D., Antolovic I., Mihajlovic V., Nejedlik P., Stastny P., Mikulova K., Nabyvanets I., Skyryk O., Krakovskaya S., Vogt J., Antofie T. & Spinoni J. 2013: Climate of the Greater Carpathian region. Final Technical Report. URL: www.carpatclim-eu.org. URL
  • Thornthwaite C. 1948: An Approach toward a Rational Classification of Climate. Geographical Review 38(1): 55–94. DOI: 10.2307/210739
  • Thurm E.A., Uhl E. & Pretzsch H. 2016: Mixture reduces climate sensitivity of Douglas-fir stem growth. Forest Ecology and Management 376: 205–220. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.06.020
  • Tognetti R., Raschi A., Béres C., Fenyvesi A. & Ridder H.W. 1996: Comparison of sap flow, cavitation and water status of Quercus petraea and Quercus cerris trees with special reference to computer tomography. Plant, Cell and Environment 19(8): 928–938. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.1996.tb00457.x
  • Tognetti R., Cherubini P., Marchi S. & Raschi A. 2007: Leaf traits and tree rings suggest different water-use and carbon assimilation strategies by two co-occurring Quercus species in a Mediterranean mixed-forest stand in Tuscany, Italy. Tree Physiology 27(12): 1741–1751. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/27.12.1741
  • Vanhellemont M., Sousa-Silva R., Maes S.L., van den Bulcke J., Hertzog L., De Groote S.R.E., Van Acker J., Bonte D., Martel A., Lens L. & Verheyen K. 2019: Distinct growth responses to drought for oak and beech in temperate mixed forests. Science of the Total Environment 650(2): 3017–3026. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.054
  • Vicente-Serrano S. M., Beguería S. & López-Moreno J.I. 2010: A multiscalar drought index sensitive to global warming: The standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index. Journal of Climate 23(7): 1696–1718. DOI: 10.1175/2009JCLI2909.1
  • Weber, P., Bugmann, H., Pluess, A.R., Walthert, L. & Rigling A. 2013: Drought response and changing mean sensitivity of European beech close to the dry distribution limit. Trees: Structure and Function 27(1): 171–181. DOI: 10.1007/s00468-012-0786-4
  • Wigley T.M.L., Briffa K.R. & Jones P.D. 1984: On the average value of correlated time series, with applications in dendroclimatology and hydrometeorology. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology 23(2): 201–213. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0450(1984)023<0201:OTAVOC>2.0.CO;2
  • Zimmermann J., Hauck M., Dulamsuren C. & Leuschner C. 2015: Climate warming-related growth decline affects Fagus sylvatica, but not other broad-leaved tree species in Central European mixed forests. Ecosystems 18(4): 560–572. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-015-9849-x
  • Open Acces

    For non-commercial purposes, let others distribute and copy the article, and include in a collective work, as long as they cite the author(s) and the journal, and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

    Cite this article as:

    Németh, T. M., Szabó, O. & Móricz, N. (2021): Comparative drought sensitivity analysis of young sessile oak and turkey oak trees in Somogy county (Hungary). Bulletin of Forestry Science, 11(1): 0-0. (in Hungarian) DOI: 10.17164/EK.2021.008

    Volume 11, Issue 1
    Pages: 0-0

    DOI: 10.17164/EK.2021.008

    First published:
    24 November 2021

    Related content


    More articles
    by this authors


    Related content in the Bulletin of Forestry Science*

    More articles by this authors in the Bulletin of Forestry Science

    * Automatically generated recommendations based on the occurrence of keywords given by authors in the titles and abstracts of other articles. For more detailed search please use the manual search.