Bulletin of Forestry Science / Volume 3 / Issue 1 / Pages 39-53
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Present and forecasted distribution of beech and sessile oak at the xeric climatic limits in Central Europe

Bálint Czúcz, László Gálhidy & Csaba Mátyás

Correspondence

Correspondence: Mátyás Csaba

Postal address: H-9400 Sopron, Bajcsy-Zsilinszky u. 4.

e-mail: cm[at]emk.nyme.hu

Abstract

In order to project the effects of expected climatic changes, distribution of European beech (Fagus sylvatica) and sessile oak (Quercus petraea) were analysed at the xeric limits in Hungary. A fine-scale analysis was combined with sophisticated screening for climate-dependent (zonal) occurrences. For both species, temperature and precipitation conditions in late spring and summer appear as principal variables determining the probability of presence. For beech, the importance of Ellenberg’s climate quotient supports its sensitivity to summer drought. The calculated range shifts are drastic, similar to other results of statistic models. The applied approach allows a finer distinction of climatic threats on local scale and draws the attention to the urgency of preparative measures and application of proper silvicultural technologies.

Keywords: xeric limit, retracting limit, drought tolerance, climate change, climate niche modeling

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    Czúcz, B., Gálhidy, L. & Mátyás, Cs. (2013): Present and forecasted distribution of beech and sessile oak at the xeric climatic limits in Central Europe. Bulletin of Forestry Science, 3(1): 39-53. (in Hungarian)

    Volume 3, Issue 1
    Pages: 39-53

    First published:
    28 June 2013

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