Role of soils in climate change
András Bidló & Adrienn Horváth
Correspondence: Bidló András
Postal address: H-9400 Sopron, Bajcsy-Zsilinszky u. 4.
Climate change will have a significant impact on forest cover of Hungary. Climate is one of the most important site factors therefore, it has a direct influence on forests. On the other hand, the climate has an indirect impact on the change of other site factors, such as hydrological and soil conditions. Some changes occur relatively fast, thus a significant change may happen during a single vegetation period. Some other factors need longer periods or hundred of years for transformation. During our research, we estimated the impact of climate change on soils. Soils not only create the foundations of human, animal and plant life but also have a very important role in regulation and production. Significant changes in soil-forming processes may emerge as a result of climate change. Along with the change in soil-forming processes, we also evaluated possible changes in the nutrient cycle of forest stands.
The appearance of changing site factors and the emergence of a new climate category – steppe – will determine new site type variants. To summarize, we described what kind of site type variants can be expected in the future and what kind of criteria are needed for a tree species proposal. It provides a good basis for a Decision Supporting System (DTR) which will facilitate the selection of tree species in the future.
Keywords: climate change, site change, tree species selection, soil
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Cite this article as:
Bidló, A. & Horváth, A. (2018): Role of soils in climate change. Bulletin of Forestry Science, 8(1): 57-71. (in Hungarian) DOI: 10.17164/EK.2018.004
Volume 8, Issue 1
1 June 2018
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