Bulletin of Forestry Science / Volume 3 / Issue 1 / Pages 261-269
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Birth rate and offspring survival in a free-ranging wild boar Sus scrofa population

András Náhlik, Gyula Sándor & Tamás Tari


Correspondence: Náhlik András

Postal address: H-9400 Sopron, Bajcsy-Zsilinszky u. 4.

e-mail: nahlik[at]emk.nyme.hu


We have estimated birth rate in wild boar Sus scrofa by counting embryos in the uterus of females killed in the course of individual or drive hunts. Counting corpora lutea in the ovaries gave information, on embryo/corpus luteum rate, which can be useful for estimating birth rate in early stages of pregnancy. In the latter cases we multiplied the number of corpus luteum by the embryo/corpus luteum rate to estimate the birth rate. Birth rate was estimated in different age groups, separately. Age was estimated by means of teeth wear. Survival was estimated by direct observations counting the piglet/female ratio in matrilineal groups. The method is suitable for assessing summer survival only, as 8–9 month after birth matrilineal groups begin to disintegrate. Average estimated birth rate was 6.7 (N=51). We found positive linear relationship between conception rate and age of female, conception rate and body mass, respectively. In late stages of pregnancy, embryo/ corpus luteum rate proved to be 0.83±0,15. Recruitment of piglets to the female population was low: more than half of them perished by the end of September. The highest mortality rate occurred in the first weeks of the piglets’ lives.

Keywords: birth rate, piglet survival, pre-natal mortality, recruitment, wild boar

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    Cite this article as:

    Náhlik, A., Sándor, Gy. & Tari, T. (2013): Birth rate and offspring survival in a free-ranging wild boar Sus scrofa population. Bulletin of Forestry Science, 3(1): 261-269. (in Hungarian)

    Volume 3, Issue 1
    Pages: 261-269

    First published:
    28 June 2013

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